Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacteria that commonly found in the noses and throat. This kind of bacteria can be easily spread by droplet infection. It can sometimes cause severe illness, such as, pneumonia, bacteremia, meningitis, etc. Recently, streptococcus pneumoniae has become resistant to one or more antibiotics. This situation makes the treatment become more and more difficult. Thus the best way to prevent pneumococcal disease is to receive pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PVC). Taiwan CDC recommends PCV for high-risk group as follow:
(1.) All children younger than 2 years old and all adults older than 65 years old.
(2.) People with spleen function problems or partial splenectomy.
(3.) People with innate immunodeficiency or AIDS.
(4.) People with cochlear implant.
(5.) Chronic disease: chronic kidney disease, chronic heart disease, chronic lung disease, diabetes, chronic liver disease, liver cirrhosis, alcoholism, smokers.
(6.) People with SIH
(7.) People taking immunosuppressive drug, receiving radiation therapy or people with organ transplantation.
PVC13 is recommended for all children younger than 2 years old and people 2 years older with certain medical conditions.
PVC23 is recommended for all adults 65 years older, people 2 through 64 years old with certain medical condition, and adult 19 through 64 years old who smoke cigarettes.
If you feel any uncomfortable after receiving the PCV vaccine, please seek immediate medical attention.